A lot of people have been asking what a product safety test might look like. Here at Phoenix Technical Group, we are always happy to help. For those who are new to testing, we are rolling out a series of examples of the kind of tests that are done to ensure product safety. We’re going to start off with some common mechanical tests.
Please Note: The following information is not authoritative and will not replace those detailed in product safety standards. They are intended to give examples of testing that is often overlooked, and to provide a little context for product safety testing. Be sure to refer to the requirements detailed throughout the safety standard appropriate to your product.
During these tests, any feet, wheels, or other configurable parts are placed in the worst possible configuration.
Tilt (Topple) Test
Purpose: To ensure that the Equipment Under Test (EUT – this is the product being tested) will not topple during transport or manual handling.
Method: Tilt the EUT to 10° from the vertical in all directions (backwards, forwards, left and right). The EUT must return to the vertical when the tilting force is removed.
Purpose: To ensure that the EUT will not topple when it is leaned upon in normal use.
Method: Apply the appropriate test force to any surface in any direction (except upwards) up to a maximum height specified by the standards. Prevent the EUT from sliding on the floor. If the EUT begins to tilt, maintain the force to the point applied. The EUT shall not fall over. Open any door, fixing, drawer or tray that the “Operator” can access and repeat the test in all configurations.
Purpose: To ensure that the EUT will not topple when it is leaned upon during servicing.
Method: Open any door, fixing, drawer or tray that “Service” personnel can access. Install stabilizing mechanisms in accordance with the “Service Instructions” and apply the appropriate test force to any surface in any direction (except upwards) up to a maximum height specified by the standards. Prevent the EUT from sliding on the floor. If the EUT begins to tilt, maintain the force to the point applied. The EUT shall not fall over.
Purpose: To ensure that an EUT with horizontal surface that can be used as a “step” will not collapse or create a hazard during foreseeable misuse and abuse. EU Directives and Standards often include the phrase, “Reasonable Use and Foreseeable Abuse”.
Method: Apply an 800N force downward on any surface up to the height specified in the standard. The EUT shall not topple or present any other mechanical hazard. The Creepage and Clearance distances shall not be compromised.
Now that you have a little taste, check in with our blog for part 2 of the test example series. And don’t forget that more information about Safety, EMC, Risk Assessments, and more can be found on our website www.phoenixtechnicalgroup.com